ordered that a concentration camp be erected on the site
of an old abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of
Dachau, in southern Germany.
The Dachau concentration camp
was opened on the 22nd March 1933
and was to be the prototype for all future camps to be built. The
commandant was Theodor Eicke, who developed a well organised set of rules
and regulations that later became the standard operating procedure for all
camps. Eicke was later appointed as inspector for all the
Concentration camps and used Dachau as the example camp and the "Murder
School" for training the Waffen SS.
Aerial View of the camp in 1945
The Main Camp Gate in 1945
The Jourhaus Guard building entrance to the prison camp
Note the River Wurm dividing the SS camp from the Prison camp.
Arrival to the Camp
Prisoners were marched from the railway station
down the dividing road trough the SS camp to the prison.
Many SS men would jeer and throw urine filled
jugs at the prisoners as they were force marched into the camp.
During the war years a light rail system was
built to transport prisoners and incoming/out going goods to the main
The prison road and Commandants Headquarters then &
The prison road during the 1930's and in
1945 after liberation
The the prison road leading to the Jourhaus Guard
building and infamous prison gates
The camp was divided into two sections: the camp area and the crematorium.
The camp area consisted of 32 barracks, including one for clergy imprisoned
for opposing the Nazi regime and one reserved for medical experiments. The
courtyard between the prison and the central kitchen was used for the
summary execution of prisoners. An electrified barbed-wire gate, a ditch,
and a wall with seven guard towers surrounded the camp.
1. The Camp Road
2. Accommodation Barracks
3. Roll Call Area
4. Jourhaus Guard Building
The ground floor was for the admin staff while the upper
level were the offices for the Gestapo.
5. The Maintenance Building visited by Henrich Himmler,
overseer of all the Concentration Camps
The Maintainace Building Today
Some of the staff at Dachau
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